Heels & Horsepower Magazine

The Legal Implications of Drinking and Driving

By H&H Admin

South Africans have a culture of driving under the influence of alcohol which often leads to serious damage to property, injury, death and imprisonment and many people.

Sadly, drinking and driving during the festive season, has become a norm in South Africa, resulting in members of the South African Police Service (“SAPS”) ruthlessly implementing the law and frequently conducting road blocks during this period.

Is drinking and driving a criminal offence in South Africa?

Yes it is. Section 65 of the National Road Traffic Act 93 of 1996 (the “NRA”’) sets out the legal limits and prohibitions for driving whilst under the influence of alcohol. It stipulates that no one shall drive or even occupythe driver’s seat of a motor vehicle on a public road if they are over the legal limit.

In terms of the NRA, no person shall operate a motor vehicle whilst having more than 0.05 gram per 100ml in their blood. When being breathalysed not more than 0.24mg per 1,000ml, however Parliament plans on changing the laws by this December to zero alcohol in a person’s blood.

What happens when you are caught drinking and driving? 

A law enforcement official, (a member of SAPS or Metropolitan Police), has the discretion to choose whether they want to use a breathalyser or not.

If you are breathalysed or if it is clear that you are under the influence, or are over the limit, you will be arrested. You must furnish your details to the law enforcer. Should you give false information, you will have further charges to your name.

Once you have been arrested, the officer will take you into custody. In terms of Section 37, you cannot refuse permission for a blood test to be taken, however you are entitled to have your medical practitioner present and you can request to see the sealed needle and syringe when being tested.

What happens if I refuse to get tested for alcohol in my blood?

Should you refuse to have your blood taken and the office needs to take further measures, a police order, knows as a SAP308, will be handed down.  This form is to be completed by the officer and then handed to the medical practitioner present. SAP308 specifically instructs the medical practitioner to determine the alcohol levels. Should the medical practitioner disobey the order, they too can be charged for obstructing the ends of justice.

If a medical practitioner did not receive this order prior to the examination, the touching of, or introduction of a needle into the body will be interpreted as an assault.

How will they decide to conduct tests to prove I am over the limit?

However, prior to the medical practitioner conducting the blood testing, he or she will conduct an evaluation to ascertain whether there is sufficient evidence to prove intoxication.

The evaluation includes the accused person’s appearance with particular attention given to: 

  1. Clothing. Does the person appear neat or dishevelled, (are their buttons done up properly, is the belt buckled correctly, is their fly unzipped etc?)
  2. The smell or alcohol on their clothing or breath
  3. The presence of puke 
  4. General demeanour, e.g., is the person, argumentative, aggressive, coherent? 

The onus will be upon your legal representative to argue that you are not over the limit and your conduct is everyday normal behaviour.

Thereafter, a docket will then be opened which will be sent to the investigating officer who will follow up on the results.

What happens after I get arrested for driving under the influence?

You will be detained in a holding cell until you are granted bail or make an appearance in court.  This needs to be done within 48 hours. Weekends are not included in the 48 hours so, if you are arrested over a weekend, chances are you will be detained for longer than 48hours. The maximum amount of time you could spend in a holding cell if you are arrested over the weekend is 72 hours.

On the day of your court appearance, the Magistrate will grant bail should he find that it is in the interest of justice. Your bail can be extended or postponed for 7 working days should the magistrate find the need to postpone your bail.

If convicted of drunk driving, you face imprisonment of up to 6 years or a fine. The fine is set at a minimum amount of R2,000.00. You also face the risk of having your driver’s license suspended. 

The court has the discretion to hand down a suspend sentence on condition that you do not drink and drive again.

Will I have a criminal record if I am found guilty of drunk driving?

Yes, you will have a criminal record up to 10 years.

It is of vital importance to appoint a specialist drunk driving attorney to ensure that your matter gets argued in such a manner that it will not lead to imprisonment and/or a criminal record.

Source: Burger Huyser Attorneys

The ABC’s of Blood Alcohol Content (BAC) Levels

Of course I can drive. I’m not that drunk.

We all know that drinking and driving is a lethal combination which could lead to embarrassing legal implications, serious injury or death; yet every evening, thousands of intoxicated motorists across the country make declarations of a similar nature, confident in the false knowledge that they are safe simply because they have in the past, gotten home alive. 

  1. Reaction Time: The more alcohol you consume, the longer it takes for your brain to process vital information. For instance, a movement such as lifting your foot off the accelerator might ordinarily take you 1 second, but under the effects of alcohol your reaction time could increase to 2 seconds or longer. 
  2. Impaired Vision: It is not unusual to experience blurred or double vision after a few drinks. Alcohol impairs your peripheral vision, meaning motorists become less aware of what is going on either to their left or right. Further, resulting in an inability to accurately identify pedestrians, trees, road signs and other vehicles. 
  3. Reduced Concentration: Driving requires your undivided attention for relatively minor tasks such as staying within one lane, monitoring vehicular, identifying obstacles etc., all of which diminish significantly when alcohol is introduced to the brain. 
  4. Lack of Coordination: Eye, hand and foot coordination are essential for driving but after a couple of drinks some motorists struggle with tasks as simple as inserting the key into the ignition.
  5. Poor Judgment: Your ability to plan, react, think, make sound decisions and process information become affected even with the smallest amount of alcohol in one’s system, all of which affect your ability to adopt to rapidly changing events on the road.

There is absolutely no justification for driving after drinking, particularly with the availability of apps such as Uber, Bolt not to mention the value of pre planning like arranging a designated driver or calling a friend. 

The decision not to drive after drinking is one which each and every one of us can and should make, and in order to keep the roads safe for all the right decision would be not to drink at all if you will need to drive afterwards. 

Remember, law enforcement agents do not prevent people from driving drunk, all they can do is punish those caught in the act. 

Strict Motoring Rules For 2020

Motorists will soon have to adjust their driving style in order to keep our of trouble with the law!  

Two major traffic laws come into effect in June 2020, according to Transport Minister Fikile Mbalula.  These are the new Administrative Adjudication of Road Traffic Offences (AARTO) Act as well as a new zero-tolerance approach to drinking and driving.


Initially discussed in November 2019, Minister Mbalula has confirmed that motorists will no longer be permitted to mix alcohol and driving whatsoever.  Simply put, a 0% legal blood-alcohol limit will be effected meaning that the presence of even the smallest trace of alcohol detected in anyone operating a motor vehicle will be illegal. 

At present, South African legal limit is 0.05% and drivers who adhere to the stipulated alcohol unit permissible have been considered a within the legal alcohol limits.  The new law however does away with this completely from June 2020. 

According to Police Minister Bheki Cele, over 24, 000 people were arrested for driving under the influence of alcohol over the 2019/2020 festive season, a figure which translated to clost to one-third of all road related arrests made over the holiday period. This clearly shows just how dire the problem of drunk driving in our country is. 


In addition to the zero tolerance for alcohol law, Minister Mbalula also confirmed that June 2020 will see the introduction of the AARTO system, in which all traffic fines dispensed throughout the country will carry the same penal value.

That said, not all infringements will result in demerit points as roughly half of the violations laid out in Schedule 3 of the AARTO regulations do not bear any demerit points at all. 

The AARTO system stipulates that a drier may incur no more than 12-demerit points on their license.  Should a driver incur a 13thpoint however, their license, would be suspended for a period of 3-months per every point over the 12 points ‘allowed’. 

In spite of the criticism from organizations such as the AA and OUTA, Minister Mbalula remains undeterred and strongly warns motorists to prepare themselves for the introduction of the demerit system. 

“We are going live. We take points. We take away your driver’s license.  The President has signed this into law and now we are implementing it,” he said.